Arabic, one of the most spoken languages in the world, with over 400 million native speakers around the world, and the official language in 22 countries, is also the most important language for Muslims. It is considered the most important language to Muslims because the Quran was revealed to Prophet Mohammed (which is the prophet of Islam) in this language, therefore it’s very critical and important to everyone that is interested in studying Islam in general. In this article we will get to know more about this language.
The disagreement is in the origin of the language
Researchers disagreed about the origin of the language. That is why philosophers, fundamentalists, speakers, and linguists have researched the origins of language, and among the views they put forward in this regard are the following:
• Language is suspended: the language is suspended, either by indoctrination or inspiration:
- Ibn Abbas, Al-Ash’ari, al-Ka’abi, al-Jabba’I, Ibn Faris, Ibn al-Hajeb, and Ibn Fork see that the origin of the language is indoctrination, by presenting the names one after the other, and hearing the name.
- Ibn Taymiyyah and another group believe that the origin of the language is inspiration. Whereas, humans are inspired by words just as animals are inspired by sounds.
By the way, the names I’ve just mentioned are a companions of the Prophet Mohammed, and Muslim scholars.
• The origin of the language is innate; Where God Almighty created the children of Adam, and they have an instinct that pushes them to express all perceptual or moral perceptions in specific terms.
Then, this expression leads to certain movements and voices, however these matters became extinct after the emergence of the language in its early era. This was because it was not utilized, and then the language is created through expression and acquisition. Consequently, man acquired the expression, not the phrase.
• Mimicry and evolution: There are opinions that the origin of language is the simulation of natural sounds, or that it arose. As a result of the development of human emotions naturally with animal and natural sounds, and in the beginning of its inception, man used signs and movements in expression, then developed the means of expression until he was able to reach speech and writing; Thus, the development of language is related to the development of the organism.
The Arabic language is one of the most ancient languages
The Arabic language is considered one of the oldest known languages, and despite its age, it still has characteristics that distinguish it from other languages, such as: words, structures, morphology, syntax, literature, and imagination. In addition, the Arabic language has the ability to express various fields of science, The Arabic language is considered the mother of the group of languages known as the Arabic languages, which originated in the Arabian Peninsula, or the Arabic represented by Babylonian, Himyarite, Aramaic, Abyssinian and Hebrew, and in the modern era, linguists have called the Semitic languages the name of the linguistic strains that can be traced back to the mother language. It is suggested that the Austrian scientist Schlotzer was the first to give this name in 1781 AD; Where he took it from one of the texts of the Torah written by the hands of rabbis in the Old Testament, by relying on the fictitious division of the human races that is derived from the sons of Noah, namely Shem, Ham, and Japheth.
The status of the Arabic language
Although there is no conclusive evidence of the primacy of the Arabic language, the most accurate narratives are those that claim its primacy and that it is the origin of languages. In the Arabic language, the revelation was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed – may God bless him and grant him peace – and prayer, which is a fundamental pillar of Islam in all parts of the world, is not performed except in Arabic, whether the Muslim is an Arab or not. This raised its status and increased the importance of caring for it, and the need to preserve it, so that the Arabic language became a universal human language.
The history of the Arabic language
Researchers in the history of the Arabic language assert that no one knows anything about the history of the Arabic language, or about its childhood, but the oldest known thing about it dates back to the fifth century AD; The literary texts of that period represented the Arabic language in its fullness, Enfwan, and many researchers believe that the history of the Arabic language is divided into two parts: obsolete dialects, represented by Thamudian, Safavid, and Lyhanian dialects. And others, and the Quraish dialect (Which is the most important dialect, because it’s the dialect that the Prophet Mohammed spoke, and the Quran was revealed in) is considered the most explicit dialect of all.
The beauty of the Arabic language
The Arabic alphabet has very distinct shapes, and it is possible in the Arabic language to draw any phrase we want in many different lines. So because of the correlation between the Arabic language and the Islamic religion, as it shows to everyone who read what was previously written, we had made it clear that the Qur’an had been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in the language. Classical Arabic – specifically in the Quraishi dialect, which is considered the most eloquent of the Arabic dialects – and the Arabic language spread with the Islamic expansion, which was accompanied by the desire of the people of the countries that came under the rule of Muslims to adopt the Arabic language and the Islamic religion together very quickly, so that the Arabic language became the most important language in the scientific references. Because of the widespread spread of translation in the Abbasid era, or the golden age of Islam, which lasted for nearly 400 years, and Arabic entered into many arts, and Arab drawings and decorations became on palaces, mosques, and even artistic paintings, and others.